There’s no doubt that one of the most annoying, smelly and dirty things on the planet is mold. There are thousands of types of mold, however they are all similar in the fact that once they start the life cycle, it’s hard to end it. Unless you are breeding some form of exquisite cheese or creating mad science projects, nobody wants mold to appear anywhere, especially in their home.
So how does mold grow, how does it thrive, and most importantly, how do you kill it?
There are four main stages for the mold life cycle. Hyphal growth, spore formation, spore dispersal and spore germination. These four stages are outlined below, however without the right conditions mold simply cannot go through this process. If you are however trying to create the perfect conditions for mold to grow, you could start with a source of moisture, mold enriching nutrients (like dead animals or rodent droppings) and humidity. Mold can grow on almost every type of material, as long the appropriate conditions are present.
Some molds cause allergic and respiratory problems, and some produce toxins that are enormously harmful, even in slight amounts, so it’s important to understand what makes mold thrive, and even more important to know how to get rid of it.
The Hyphal are the cells which initiate the process of the life cycle. They release enzymes that absorb nutrients from organic materials for nutrition, and then grow into the visible portion of the fungus, called a ‘mycelium’. Their source of nutrients can range from construction dust, dirt or debris, wood, dead animals or decaying plants.
Spores grow on the ends of hyphal cells, but how well they grow depends on a number of environmental factors like light, temperature, oxygen levels, and nutrients available. If the conditions aren’t right, the spores won’t establish. If conditions are right for the establishment of spores however, they will then continue in the life cycle, ready for spreading.
After they are established, the spores are released and carried elsewhere through the air to start the germination process again. Mold spores are extremely tough and can remain dormant for many years, even in dry environments. Mold grows best in warm temperatures, however there are some mold species that grow in temperatures as low as 35 degrees Fahrenheit.
Mold spores constantly float in the air outside, and inside and are virtually impossible to eliminate. Once the spore moves to its new location, it waits for the conditions to become right for germination into the hyphal cell stage, to begin the four-stage process again.
Although mold will never be completely eliminated, there are a few ways you can remove it from your home, however the best way to remove problem molds from returning is to have the professionals work their magic on your home or business.
If you’re having problems with mold in your home or business, give us a call today to discuss solutions to your mold problems.